Biography of Private John Thomas Wyer, (27171)
8th Battalion King’s Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment)
Died 13th April 1918


  • Name: John Thomas Wyer
    Date of birth: 1883
    Place of Birth: Kirkby Underwood, Lincolnshire, England
    Date of Birth registration: July – September 1883
    Place of Birth Registration: Bourne, Lincolnshire, England

  • Name: Thomas Wyer
  • DOB: 1852
  • Place of Birth: Kirkby Underwood, Lincolnshire, England
  • Occupation: Labourer and Parish Clerk

  • Name: Mary Ann Marshall
  • DOB:1858
  • Place Of Birth: Rippingale, Lincolnshire, England
  • Marriage: 1880 Bourne District
Siblings: (Name), (DOB), (POB)

  • Edith Annie Wyer, 1881, Kirkby Underwood
    John Thomas Wyer, 1883, Kirkby Underwood
    Edmund Ernest Wyer, 1886, Kirkby Underwood
    Frederick William Wyer, 1888, Kirkby Underwood
    Jessie Estella Wyer, 1889, Kirkby Underwood
    Frederick Stanley Wyer, 1897, Kirkby Underwood
    Albert Edward Wyer, 1901, Kirkby Underwood

  • 1891: John is living with his grandparents John and Caroline Marshall in Kirkby Underwood, Lincolnshire
  • 1901: John is living in Aslackby with the Bailey Family as a Servant. The census gives him an age of 18 and he is listed as a Waggoner on farm.
  • 1911: John is living in Folkingham with the Stancer Family as a Servant. The census gives him an age of 27 and he is listed as a Farm Waggoner.

Relatives in services


  • No marriage for John has been found and because of his age we can assume that he never had the opportunity to marry.
Newspaper Mentions

  • Grantham Journal Saturday 12th April 1919
  • WYER – In loving memory of our dear son and brother, Pte. John Tom Wyer (27171 King’s Own R.L.), missing 13th April, 1918, France.
  • We do not forget him, we loved him too dearly
  • For his memory to fade from our lives like a dream;
  • Our lips need not speak when our hearts mourn sincerely,
  • For grief often dwells where it seldom is seen.
  • From his sorrowing Father, Mother, Brothers, Sisters, Aunt Florrie (Kirkby)

Military Records

Attestation Papers

  • Available
Soldier’s Died In The Great War

  • These records show that Private John Thomas Wyer, 27171, 8th Battalion King’s Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) was killed in action on 13th April 1918 in the Western European Theatre in France and Flanders.
Pension Records

  • None found

  • The British Medal
    The Victory Medal


  • UK:
  • Kirkby Underwood, plaque in St Mary and All Saints Church
    Kirkby Underwood, Names on the stained glass window in St Mary and All Saints Church


  • Commonwealth War Graves Commission:
  • In memory of Private John Thomas Wyer, 27171, 8th Battalion, King’s Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) who died on 13 April 1918 Age 35.
    Son of Thomas and Mary Ann Wyer, of Kirkby Underwood, Bourne, Lincs.
    Remembered with honour, Ploegsteert Memorial.
    Panel Ref: Panel 2

© Picture courtesy of Ernie Wyer

© Picture taken by South Lincolnshire War Memorials

© Picture taken by South Lincolnshire War Memorials

Military Service Timeline:

  • The following notes are formed from dates taken from the Military Service records of John Thomas Wyer and also from the Unit War Diaries for the 8th Bn Kings Own Lancaster Regiment:-
  • 19.4. 1916 – Attested to 9th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment
  • 20.4.1916 – Medical examination at Lincoln
  • 21.4.1916 – Approved in 9th Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment
  • 29.8.1916 – Posted to Infantry base deport
  • 28.8.1916 – Embarked for France
  • 20.9.1916 – Transferred to service with 8th King’s Own Lancaster Regiment
  • 22.9.1916 – Joined D coy, 8th Battalion in the field
  • 15.10.1916 – Wounded in action, Gun Shot Wound to the leg whilst carrying out carrying and working party duties at night
  • Unit war diary for the 16th October shown many casualties during the night when Billeted at Bertrancourt and performing working party duties at night
  • 21.10.1916 – Classed Fit for duty
  • 22.10.1916 – Rejoined Battalion in the field
  • 18.12.1916 – Posted sick with Inflammation of the Connective Tissue of Foot and sent to hospital
  • ICT was a catch-all abbreviation for any soft tissue damage including trench foot.
  • 2.1.1917 – Problem with ICT of Large toe on left foot
  • 6.1.1917 – Posted to UK to Hospital (St Patrick)
  • 7.1.1917 – Arrived UK and moved to Western General Hospital, Fazakerley, Liverpool
  • 14.4.1917 – Left Hospital after 94 days
  • 25.4.1917 – Classed as “Class II”, Fit for Light Duties. Posted to depot
  • 17.5.1917 – Posted
  • 10.6.1917 – Returned to France to the 8th Battalion Kings Own Royal Lancashire
  • 29.6.1917– Rejoined Battalion
  • 11.4.1918 – Battalion moved to the Avelette Bridgehead near Hinges north of Bethune
  • Unit diary and trench maps are available for John Thomas Wyer’s last action before being killed.
  • 13.4.1918 – Reported missing in action after 2 days of engagement with the enemy at the Bridgehead. In total, between the 12th and 14th April, the Battalion suffered 156 casualties of which 27 were killed on the 13th
  • 4.1.1919 – Thomas Wyer in receipt of the British War Medal and also the Victory Medal for his son
  • 24.7.1919 – Memorandum to OC Infantry, Preston stating that any personal belongings should be forwarded to Thomas Wyer of Kirkby Underwood, Bourne, Lincolnshire


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